What is OPS in Baseball?

(Last Updated On: February 22, 2023)

Find out how it’s calculated what it’s about and who are the top players with impressive OPS within MLB.

Baseball’s OPS is just one of the many metrics fans and players use to judge players. What exactly is OPS and what is its significance? In this blog, we will dissect OPS and discuss its significance to the game of baseball.

KEY POINTS of What is OPS in Baseball?

OPS is a statistic in baseball that combines on-base percent (OBP) and slugging percent.

The OPS test is used to assess the level of performance a hitter can achieve on the field.

The OPS offers insight into a player’s ability to generate runs.

A high OPS for MLB at the main leagues is .800 or more This indicates that the player has a better-than-average season at the plate.

WOBA, also known as Weighted On-base average (wOBA) as well as Weighted Runs Created Plus (wRCand) are better statistics than OPS

On-base plus slugging

On-base plus slugging or OPS is an important baseball statistic that is a combination of the on-base percent (OBP) and the percentage of slugging. OPS is one of the most popular statistics which is used more frequently than the average of batting by major league teams and players to assess how well a player performs when he is at his plate.

The OPS will show the role a hitter plays in the production of runs for his team by how effective at safely completing the task and also by the number of extra-base hits that he accumulates. Making it to base without striking out or hitting with power is vital to produce hits in baseball.

What is OPS?

An OPS is the sabermetric measurement of baseball that includes the hitter’s on-base as well as slugging percentages. The objective of this statistic is to measure how often the player can safely get to the base and also hits with power.

The OPS gives information about a hitter’s capability to create runs. It was originally called “production.” An OPS of .800 or greater for the big leagues suggests that the player is an above-average player.

What makes OPS an excellent starting point?

OPS is a good starting point for several reasons. It is not just that OPS shows whether the batter is hitting effectively however, it also gives information about how often an individual can reach base safely. A high OPS generally indicates that an individual isn’t rackin’ many singles, but is producing more extra-base hits, which leads to more hits for the team.

What is an excellent OPS for baseball?

A high OPS for baseball players at the Major League level is .800 or greater which indicates the player has a better-than-average performance on the playing field. An OPS of .900 or greater indicates that the player is experiencing an All-Star campaign, and a 1.000 OPS or more indicates that the player is having an MVP season.

What’s the standard?

The average OPS for Major League Baseball changes from season to season but typically can range from .720 and up to .760.

A hitter who has an OPS in the range of .800 or greater is having an excellent year in the field. However, the hitter who has an OPS that is .900 or higher is enjoying an All-Star year.

A player who has an OPS that is 1.000 or greater is enjoying a season that is MVP-worthy.

What do you determine OPS determined in baseball?

OPS is calculated in baseball using an easy math equation which is: on-base percent (OBP) + the slugging percentage (SLG) = OPS. A player who has a .460 OBP and an OBP of .490 (SLG) is likely to be able to achieve a .950 OPS.

Example OPS formula

Let’s suppose that one of the players has the following figures. Their OBP is .350 and they also have a slugging ratio of .400. To estimate their OPS, multiply .350 + by .400 and that adds up to a .750 OPS. The .750 OPS means that the hitter can be considered an average MLB hitter.

Another player has created this slash line. They have an on-base rate of .450 and their slugging rate is .500. So, when you combine both the OBP and SLG the hitter will have a .950 OPS, which indicates they’re having an MVP and All-Star season.

Criticisms of OPS

OPS’s criticisms include the distortion of a batter’s contributions to the team, by placing an overvalue on hits that are not extra-base, while the value of the on-base percentage is misunderstood.

OPS also takes the slugging percentage and the on-base percentage as equal even though the slugging percentage is calculated using the scale of a 4.000-point scale and the on-base percentage is calculated based on a 1.000-point scale.

Another issue with OPS is that the on-base percent utilizes appearances on the plate as a denominator, in the form of a fraction, while the slugging percentage is based on at-bats. This creates two mixed fractions. Adding two fractions using different denominators is not possible.

Are there more accurate statistics than OPS?

The Weighted On-base average (wOBA), as well as Weighted Runs Created (wand), are superior stats to OPS. WOBA is a measure that determines how players reach base. It also evaluates the probability of a player reaching home plate once they are at the base. This statistic aims to show the entire offensive value the hitter provides to his team.

The Weighted Runs’ Created plus estimates an individual batter’s offensive performance superior to OPS. It’s a statistic that is associated with run creation that examines every action a hitter takes on the field. Bats that have high slugging percentages with fewer strikeouts and more walks usually are more likely to have greater wRC+.

What is OPS+?

OPS+, also known as On-base Plus Slugging plus, is the slugging percentage on the base for a player which is based on the venue and league that he is a part of. An OPS+ less than 75 isn’t good enough, but the 125 mark is very good. An OPS 150 or higher is considered to be excellent. Babe Ruth has the highest OPS+ ever, having the highest of 206 OPS+.

OPS and. the Batting Average one is better?

OPS is more valuable than average batting because it provides an extensive view of the impact of a hitter on the team. OPS gives players a chance to get on base through walks or extra-base hits which aid teams in scoring runs. A walk is not considered a part of a batting score however, extra-base hits are evaluated similarly to singles.

OPS: A Valuable Statistic for Evaluating Hitter Performance

The OPS statistic is useful to understand the offensive abilities of the batter. It reveals the frequency with which a player can reach base without making an out, and also what number of hits off the base that player has been able to record. These statistics help identify the ability of a hitter to create runs for his team as well as scoring them is an important aspect of baseball.

However, OPS has its flaws. OPS employs the on-base and slugging percentages, even though OBP employs plate appearances to calculate a denominator fractional form, whereas SLG utilizes at-bats. OPS is also criticized for placing less emphasis on OBP and exaggerating SLG.

OPS is an intriguing statistic from a sabermetric perspective However, other statistics provide an entire overview of a hitter’s offensive performance.

Now you know what OPS is you can put this information to work when you watch your team of choice play this season!


Do Sacrifice Flies Count in OPS?

Yes. Flies that sacrifice themselves are considered plate appearances when the determination of an athlete’s on-base percentage.

Who has the Highest Career OPS

Babe Ruth has the highest career OPS with a 1.1636 OPS.

Who has the Highest Single Season OPS

Josh Gibson has the highest single-season OPS with OPS of 1.4744 OPS in 1937.

Related: How Many Innings Are in Baseball?